Born 9 August 1858 in Boston, United States of America, Francis William MacLean was taken to Scotland at an early age and educated there. He studied engineering at Edinburgh University. MacLean’s practical training and early experience was with North British Railways.


Francis William Maclean, circa 1922, Past Presidents Album. IPENZ.

He came to New Zealand in 1884 and was appointed the New Zealand Railways Department’s Assistant Engineer in Auckland. He progressed through the department’s ranks until he reached the position of Chief Engineer in 1916. MacLean remained in that position until he retired in 1924, after which he spent some years in consulting practice in Wellington.

The period of his service with the New Zealand Railways coincided with an era of rapid expansion, and his ability, coupled with an uncompromising devotion to duty and principle, was an undoubted asset in the development of the country's railway system.

He was a foundation member of the New Zealand Society of Civil Engineers (now the Institution of Professional Engineers New Zealand (IPENZ)), a member of its Council (1916–1935) and President (1921–22). He was also a life member of the Institution of Civil Engineers (Britain). He gave service to New Zealand’s Engineers Registration Board and the Board of Health.

MacLean was said to be universally respected by the engineering profession, to which his death on 22 May 1951 was a very real loss.

The MacLean Citation, one of IPENZ’s premier awards, was established in his honour. IPENZ’s Governing Board awards the MacLean Citation on a case-by-case basis to engineers who have made an outstanding contribution to the profession.

More information


William Newnham, Learning Service Achievement (Wellington: New Zealand Institution of Engineers, 1971), p 352.

Further reading

Frederick Furkert, Early New Zealand Engineers (Wellington: Reed, 1953), p 215.

“Obituary,” New Zealand Engineering (June 1951), p 240.